Transition to greener refrigerants proceeds with challenges

Transition to greener refrigerants proceeds with challenges

According to Fact.MR, a research and consulting firm, the HVAC&R industry is making the steady shift towards low global warming potential (GWP) refrigerants. 

This shift is influenced by an evolving regulatory climate. The study estimates the low GWP refrigerants market at USD18-billion (R250-billion) remains bullish on impressive growth of the low GWP refrigerants market.

HFCs phase-out and strict environmental regulations

According to the study, penetration of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) continues to remain high, despite growing research on its harmful impact on the environment. Taking into consideration the environmental impact of HFCs, regulations on its use have become stringent over the years. These factors are likely to provide an impetus to the growth of low GWP refrigerants market in the near future.

An increasing number of developed as well as developing countries are implementing a regulatory framework that puts a check on the production and use of HCFs. Initiatives such as the Montreal Protocol, European Union’s F-gas regulations, and the US Significant New Alternatives Policy (SNAP) programme have been successful in curtailing the use of HCFs in a range of applications. The ripple effect of these initiatives and regulations has bolstered the case for low GWP refrigerants.

HVACR industrial applications hold the highest share

Refrigerants are the workhorse of the HVACR industry and leading industry players are promoting the adoption of environmentally sound practices with the phase-out of some high GWP refrigerants. The exponentially growing HVACR industry is expected to remain the bedrock for the low GWP refrigerants market with a substantially high demand in refrigeration applications.

The study finds that the refrigeration applications of low GWP refrigerants accounted for a massive 63% share in the low GWP refrigerants market revenue, equaling over USD11.4-billion (R158-billion) in 2018. As the adoption of environment-friendly alternatives to high GWP refrigerants is burgeoning in refrigeration applications, the study predicts that demand for low GWP refrigerants will continue to remain high in the foreseeable future.

However, leading manufacturers in the low GWP refrigerants market are increasing their focus on burgeoning demand for low GWP refrigerants in various other applications including chillers. Top-tiered stakeholders in the low GWP refrigerants market, such as The Chemours Company and Daikin Industries, recently declared their strategies to capitalise on rapidly growing needs for low GWP refrigerants in chillers along with air conditioning applications.

Dramatic acceleration of the HFC phase down in Europe will create lucrative opportunities

The European Union has stringent environmental policies, and it is manifested in the rapidly plummeting availability of high CWG HFCs in the European region. According to the summary of HFC phase down in Europe release by the Environmental Protection Agency, the HFC phase-down was modest during 2015-2017, however the average volume of HFC available on the European market reduced to 63% of the 2015 amount.

Thereby, with the sharp decrease in HFC supply in 2018, there is potential for a significant refrigerant shortage in European markets. Leading players in the low GWP refrigerants market in Europe are aiming to capitalise on lucrative sales opportunities in the European Union by bolstering the production of low- as well as ultra-low GWP refrigerants in the region.

The study also provides a futuristic overview of growth of the low GWP refrigerants market for the forecast period 2019-2027, by thoroughly assessing the salient market dynamics. The study projects that the low GWP refrigerants market will grow two times larger in terms of revenue to exceed USD38-billion (R528-billion) by the end of the assessment period.

These insights are based on a report on Low GWP Refrigerants Market by Fact.MR.

Download the full report on their website.


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